Drought, which occurs in nearly all regions, has affected more people worldwide in the last 40 years than any other natural hazard.
It is a complex natural phenomenon with varying levels of intensity, duration, spatial extent and impacts. Severe drought episodes have drastic
socio-economic and environmental impacts, including, for example, loss of crops, massive famines and migration, natural resource degradation, and weak economic performance. Drought cannot be stopped and is difficult to forecast.
Its impacts can, however, be mitigated through the adoption of a proactive, risk-based management approach aimed at increasing the resilience of communities and societies and their capacity to cope with drought. The scientific findings of the project are delivered by UNU-EHS, in cooperation with the respective partners, through a series of webinars, online lectures and online courses.
Webinars are organized for a more strategy-oriented purpose so they raise global awareness about drought risk reduction and management and stimulate active dialogue and engaging discussion among project partners, relevant international organizations, scientists, students, practitioners, policy makers and the public audience. Online lectures are planned for a more content-focused approach that is based on didactic teaching for different groups of target audience.
GlobeDrought Webinar series is based on 12 learning blocks that will be delivered sequentially. Each learning block covers a topic with three activities including a Webinar, online lecture followed by facilitated forum discussion.
GlobeDrought – characterizing and assessing drought risk and drought impacts at the global and regional level
The first introductory webinar & lecture provide a general overview of the objectives of the BMBF GroW initiative and its GlobeDrought project.
It will discuss the relevance of understanding and assessing drought risk and its sectoral impacts in order to create more resilience societies.
The leading questions are:
What is a drought, how can it be characterized, why does it matter globally (past events & impacts, future outlook), what is drought risk, what are key components, why do we need to understand and assess drought risk?
26 FeB 2019
Drought impacts I: migration
Land degradation and drought are challenges that are intimately linked to food insecurity and migration. In just 15 years, the number of international migrants worldwide has risen, some of which are a result of environmental challenges. Recent trends appear to support the position that drought conditions increase population movements due to land degradation, and the loss of arable land.
The webinar investigates the interlinkage between drought and migration, exploring how drought affect vulnerability and the ability of community to cope with the impacts of drought.
Drought impacts II: gender/women
Drought can have economic, social, and environmental effects on women in developing countries. Unequal power relations, gender inequalities and discrimination mean that women and girls are often hardest hit during a crisis and will take longer to recover. Women and girls experience vulnerability different to men. During times of crisis women`s access to, or control over, critical resources worsens, and can lead to exclusion from claiming basic services and rights. As a result women’s and girl’s vulnerability can increase and under-mine their ability to cope with the impacts of droughts and other disasters.
The webinar explore how women are affected by drought impacts and how they can develop coping strategy to tackle drought.
Drought hazards I: meteorological droughts
This webinar will provide an overview of different indicators and tools for characterizing, assessing and monitoring meteorological droughts.
Drought hazards II: hydrological droughts
This webinar will provide an overview of different indicators and tools for characterizing, assessing and monitoring hydrological droughts.
Innovation: Total water storage change analysis from GRACE and hydrological modeling
This webinar will explore the use of the GRACE satellite mission, potentials and limitations using GRACE for hydrological drought monitoring.
Drought hazards III: soil moisture droughts
This webinar will provide an overview of different indicators and tools for characterizing, assessing and monitoring soil moisture droughts.
Vulnerability and risk of sectoral drought impacts
This webinar will discuss the following:
- Why do we need vulnerability thinking to explain drought impacts?
- Which conceptual models exist to explain the propagation from drought hazards to drought impacts? What are their merits, what are their limitations?
- How can drought risk be characterized and assessed?
Innovation: Supplementing qualitative data with quantitative data (“humans as sensors”)
This webinar discusses the innovative use of qualitative DATA in drought characterization. The webinar focuses on how to gather and analyze DATA coming from an informal channel such as: Twitter, social media and newspaper articles.
Drought impacts III: agricultural systems
This webinar will discuss drought impacts on the agricultural system. By engaging with relevant International Organization, such as IFAD and FAO, we will discuss approaches that can be used to tackle these impacts.
Drought impacts IV: food security
This webinar will discuss the impacts of drought on food security and community. During the webinar, International organization will present relevant approaches that can be used to support affected communities and mitigate drought effects.
The GlobeDrought information system (GDIS)
In this webinar the new GlobeDrought Information System will be presented and discussed.
GDIS objectives, tools, target groups, how to use, data and models to monitor and forecast.
Droughts and the post-2015 agenda
While hazards are inevitable, and the elimination of all risk is impossible, there are many technical measures, traditional practices, and public experience that can reduce the extent or severity of economic and social disasters. In this webinar we will explore how International Organizations are dealing with Drought and how drought is managed and addressed according with the main frameworks: Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030; , SDGs and Paris Agreement .